With Nepal Makalu 8,485 m standing as the fifth highest mountain of the world Makalu region provides every one with the opportunities to explore Mahalangur Himalayas southwest of Mt. Everest with the border between Nepal and China. Makalu base camp trekking is one of the harder eight-thousander, and is considered one of the most difficult mountains in the world to climb. The mountain is notorious for its steep pitches and knife-edged ridges that are completely open to the elements. The final ascent of the summit pyramid involves technical rock climbing.
Makalu region has two notable subsidiary peaks: kangchungtse or Makalu II. First climb to this beautiful Makalu was made by an American team of experts led by Riley Keegan in 1954. With the combined group of Sierra Club members including Allen Steck with the name of the trek as California Himalayan Expedition to Makalu. The attempt took them to the southeast ridge but were forced to turn back with the constqand barrage of storm from the height of 7,100 m. With lots of climber trying to conquer it in the past another team from New Zealand along with Sir Edmund Hillary was unable to conquest due to the injury and the illness.
Later at 15th May,1995 a French expedition team Lionel Terray, Jean Couzy led by Jean Franco, Franco G. Magnone and Sardar Gyaltsen Norbu makes it to the submit and later followed by Bouvier S. Coupe, leroux and A. Vialatte on the 17th. With this first achievement at the time majority of the trekkers take this route and make it to the summit of this difficult trek of Makalu region in 1995.
The French team climbed Makalu by the north face and the northeast ridge via. the saddle between Makalu and kangchungtse which later become the standard route for the trekkers searching to climb this mountain of Makalu Region.